The Organizer (Mario Monicelli, Italy, 1963)
Wanted by the police for organizing workers in Genoa, the Professor (Marcello Mastroianni)flees to Milan to stay with a friend, who is teaching literacy to textile workers. The film politicizes neo-realist films, following the workers from their freezing homes at dawn to the brutalizing conditions at the facotry. The workers protest ineffectually, but the Professor channels their anger into a strike. For Gramscian scholar Marcia Landy, the film raises questions still relevant today: "What is the connection between education and politics?...What stylistic options are available for creating a political cinema?"